Liposuction (also sometimes referred to as lipoplasty or liposculpture) became popular in the 1980's. Fat was removed from areas of the body through a tube ("cannula") attached to a high pressure vacuum,. Bulging areas were sculpted into more attractive contours.
The best candidate for liposuction is a person who is in good health and at a good weight who has firm elastic skin, and distinct areas of localized fat (bulges) that are disproportionate to the rest of the body. Liposuction is not intended as a substitute for weight loss, rather it is a way to contour areas of the body where fat tends to deposit.
Dr. Anna's Comments & Information on liposuction.